Sunday, 5 June 2011

The Three Kingdoms

I feel a little uneasy writing about this topic. While I am confident I am up to scratch when it comes to western history, I am relatively unfamiliar with Chinese history. Furthermore I know some of you readers (eg, Jess, R.C. Cola) know more about Chinese history than I do. I guess that's just the price I have to pay for taking Maths C back in high school instead of Ancient History.

Of all the nations in the world that have ever existed, China has the bloodiest. It's entire history can be summarised quite neatly: A dynasty is established, a civil war occurs, another dynasty is established, more civil wars,another dynasty.... etc etc. Research any dynasty and there is always a civil war preceding it and a civil war ending the dynasty.

In my honest opinion the three kingdoms period of china was just an extended civil war.

It all started when the Han dynasty was faced with the yellow turban rebellion and the five pecks of rice rebellion. The first of which was a peasant rebellion, both of which had ties to the Taoist/Daoist religion. Naturally, the royal court proceeded by absolutely crushing these rebellions by appointing generals and raising armies to slaughter the unruly peasants.

Unfortunately, the newly appointed generals were not keen to go back to their former jobs.

Instead the General-In Chief He Jin hung out outside the imperial capital with a few generals and petitioned the executions of the court eunuchs (for good reason, the eunuchs were always plotting against the imperial family). The eunuchs promptly replied by assassinating He Jin and all hell broke loose. He Jin's forces avenged his death and stormed the northern and southern palaces and killed the eunuchs.

I will save you the other bloody details but out of all this chaos, three contending dynasties emerged:
The Wu
The Wei
and The Shu
Needless to say, the Shu had the smallest territory of the three clans
All three claimed that they were the rightful heir of the Han dynasty and that they were the rightful Emperor of China.

Yes I stole this from wikipedia. This is the three kingdoms in 262. Just before China was unified.


Every story has a hero.

In this case it was Sima Yi. The Sima clan was a great land owning family of the Wei Empire and Sima Yi was one of the Wei Empire's great generals and one of the two co regents to help the young 8 year old Cao Fang rule his Empire. Cao Shuang was the other co regent and Sima's rival. I shall spare you the details of how Sima arranged a coup and made himself the new Wei Emperor but you are interested you can find out the details here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incident_at_Gaoping_Tombs

When Sima Yi's son, Sima Zhao rose to the Wei Regency he had his eyes on conquering the Shu. Such a glorious conquest would convince everyone that the madate of heaven now sat firmly on the Sima Clan. Sima also wanted to conquer the Wu but settled on conquering the Shu first. The Wu had a natural barrier protecting them; the Yangtze River and an indisputably powerful navy to match. Invading the Shu would be be a nice easy land invasion by comparison.

The Wei had double the army that the Shu had and zerg rushed them to great effect. Nevertheless the Wei did employ some strategy; a three pronged attack marching onto one central location. Additionally, before the invasion, the Wei started building a massive fleet to give the impression that they were preparing to invade the Wu instead.

Unfortunately the conquest of the Wu was not going to happen in Sima Zhao's lifetime. Wei forces were exhausted and he was forced to consolidate. When Zhao's son, Sima Yan, rose to power the cogs of war started turning again. Sima Yan forced the rightful emperor of the Wei to abdicate, instead of the Sima Clan just being regents, now they were Emperors. Sima Yan renamed himself Emperor Wu of the Jin Dynasty.

The Jin Empire rapidly improved their navy and set out on another three pronged attack on the Wu. Wu Emperor Sun Hao responded by not really doing much at all. He was confident that the Yangtze and his navy were more than adequate to protect his empire. The Emperor of the Wu was wong, vewy vewy wong (sorry, I couldn't help myself there).

And thus the Three kingdoms fell and out of the ashes rose the mighty Jin dynasty, a dynasty constantly plagued by rebellion and wracked by civil war. Just like every other Chinese dynasty...

23 comments:

  1. ^Yeah, that's the best troll comment I can come up with. (:

    Anyway, that was a great summary of the Wikipedia article. I actually don't know much about that period of Chinese history, except that there are a hell of a lot of cartoons and TV shows about them starring nubile young beauties and lusty war lords. :D

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  2. I want the shoe... great read BTW. goes great with my COFFEE :)

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  3. that's a great read, though next time maybe you could add pictures of the aforementioned nubile young beauties.

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  4. that's a weird looking shoe

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  5. @Zander, ah yes I see you are a coffee drinker too. Your not the only one who drinks coffee every morning. I do it automatically these days. I always feel refreshed after a few cups. BTW can you enable comments on your blog? Please? I want to comment!

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  6. cool read ... thanks for sharing!

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  7. what the hell had the meat shoe to do with that?

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  8. It Reminds me somewhat of HERO the Jet li movie from like 2000

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  9. I'm going to have to save and read this later. Chinese history is really interesting to me

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  10. Hahaha... the Shu. Made me laugh.

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  11. Very interesting.... Good story, friend! Please VIEW my newest blogs :)

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  12. Wow, that was informative... I liked it, but what's up with that shoe made out of bacon???

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  13. Wow, I'm flattered that you think me playing Dynasty Warrior video games constitutes me as an expert of Chinese history.

    You did a great write up, it's especially interesting to me when I compare the video game Sima Yi to the Sima Yi in real life.

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  14. nice shoe where can i get one of those

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  15. Sima Yi sounds like a dead set champion. I'd love to buy hima beer for his efforts

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  16. Awesome read. I find Chinese history to be very fascinating.

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